Exploring Strategies Used by University Students of Karachi to Combat Online Misinformation and Fake News


  • Nabiha Khan Habib University, Karachi
  • Zafar Ali Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences & Technology, Karachi
  • Asim Ali Liecester University, United Kingdom
  • Mehdi Hassan University of Karachi


Fake News, Digital Media, Misinformation, Online Community


The issue of false news and its impact has gained significant attention in recent years. With advancements in technology, the rapid dissemination of false information has become increasingly prevalent. Social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube have become breeding grounds for the creation and spread of misinformation. Therefore, it is crucial to conduct research that delves into the workings of social media, the production and dissemination of false information through these platforms, and the role of users in these processes. The objective of this research is to shed light on how people in Pakistan tackle the challenge of false news on social media. It addresses the crucial aspects of users' interactions with news in the digital age and the importance of user cooperation in combating misinformation. The data for this study was obtained from participants who are members of the False News Identifier Facebook group. This group is an online community based in Karachi, Pakistan, where individuals share their expertise and ideas to collaboratively identify false news and prevent its dissemination. In conclusion, this research highlights the pressing issue of false news in the digital era and focuses specifically on the efforts made by individuals in Pakistan to combat the spread of misinformation on social media. By investigating their strategies and programmes, this study aims to contribute valuable insights to the field of false news research and shed light on the role of user interactions and cooperation in addressing this problem. The study relies on data collected from participants of the False News Identifier Facebook group, which serves as a platform for collaborative efforts in identifying and countering false news.

Author Biographies

Zafar Ali, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences & Technology, Karachi


Asim Ali, Liecester University, United Kingdom

Research Scholar, International Relations

Mehdi Hassan, University of Karachi

Librarian Department of Geography



2023-06-28 — Updated on 2023-08-13